Troubled rail company Northern is to be brought under government control, Transport Secretary Grant Shapps has announced.
The decision, which will see the firm’s franchise stripped from operator Arriva Rail North from 1 March, was taken following years of major disruption.
The government previously described the delays and cancellations as “unacceptable”.
Mr Shapps said passengers had “lost trust in the north’s rail network”.
“People across the north deserve better, their communities deserve better and I am determined to achieve that,” he added.
The move means services will be operated by an arms-length public company reporting directly to the government and staffed by experienced train managers.
Northern passengers have faced rail chaos ever since new timetables were introduced in May 2018.
The revised schedules caused hundreds of trains a day to be cancelled, and punctuality and reliability problems have continued to blight the network.
Mick Whelan, general secretary of train drivers’ union ASLEF, welcomed the move.
But he warned: “There won’t be an immediate improvement because many of the systemic failures at Northern – the late delivery of new rolling stock, the cancellation by the Conservative government of infrastructure upgrades, trying to run a service with too few drivers – cannot be remedied overnight.”
German-based Arriva had been due to run Northern until March 2025.
But Mr Shapps revealed in October he had requested a proposal from Northern to outline its plans to improve services.
The Department for Transport was then due to consider whether to hand a new, short-term contract to Arriva, or to nationalise services by putting the government-controlled Operator of Last Resort in charge.
This is an uncomfortable moment for the government. In the end, nationalising this vast commuter network was its only option.
An agreement to change Arriva’s contract (Northern’s parent company) and keep the firm on board wasn’t possible because a commercially, and politically, palatable deal couldn’t be found.
Contingency planning for the so-called Operator of Last Resort to step in has been under way for months.
If that work has been done well, it should be a seamless change and passengers should barely notice.
What the government wants on Northern is a new performance-related train contract.
This type of contract already exists on Merseyrail and the London Overground. These two companies do well in terms of passenger satisfaction.
These contracts put less risk on the train company but offer it no financial reward if passenger numbers rise.
As one rail boss described it, this type of system will be very similar to a nationalised railway, but private companies will still have a role to play.
Northern’s failure is in large part down to ancient infrastructure which struggles to cope with the high volume of trains and passengers at peak times.
Put simply, there is no silver bullet for improving our railways.
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